Disregarding the plates hung in public places in the form of a "news page" in Rome and China, journalism first began in Europe in the 17th century. The widespread use of printing press and the daily desire of the people to have news were the triggering factors behind the scene. Seen in various forms in the Netherlands and England, newspapers were the ancestors of the instruments of communication that have now left their place to internet journalism.
The first newspaper in the Ottoman Empire began to be published in 1829 by the order of Sultan Mahmud II. Takvim-i Vekayi was the first paper financed by the government. Then the semi-independent Ceride-i Havadis appeared. Tercüman-ı Ahval, which was started to be published by Agah Efendi and Şinasi, took its place as the first private newspaper. Then, with the efforts of important names such as Ahmed Midhat and Ebüzziya Tevfik, the tools of mass communication accelerated in the last quarter of the 19th century, with the Constitutional Monarchy. Many papers published at that time did not last long though. And almost 2000 newspapers were published until the Alphabet Reform in 1928.