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Book was not an object consumed so quickly as the newspapers or magazines and could not be given up that quickly. The effort it required and the value of the information put between two covers made the book a transporter of culture that lived for a long time. Handwritten pieces such as tablets and drawings on walls came to be mass produced and distributed with Gutenberg's printing press.
In the Ottomans, too, the book was initially seen as an object of both knowledge and decor, and was reproduced by hand. Containing the arts of many craftsmen from its paper to the cover, the book became an object produced purely for pragmatic purposes, and with the printing press introduced by İbrahim Müteferrika relinquished its aesthetic form in 1729. Yet the culture of producing books by hand continued until the middle of the 19th century. Towards the end of the century, it is thought that approximately 40,000 printed books were produced thanks to the intensified publishing services both in the Istanbul and the provinces.